POWERS OF ATTORNEY ACT, 1998 (ACT 549)

POWERS OF ATTORNEY ACT, 1998 (ACT 549)

DATE OF PRESIDENTIAL ASSENT: 27th April, 1998.

DATE OF GAZETTE NOTIFICATION: 4th May, 1998.

 AN ACT relating to the grant of powers of attorney, and to provide for related matters.

1. Execution of powers of attorney

(1) An instrument creating a power of attorney shall be signed by the donor of the power, or a person authorised by the donor in the presence of the donor.

(2) Where the instrument is signed by the donor of the power one witness shall be present and shall attest the instrument.

(3) Where the instrument is signed by a person authorised by the donor, two witnesses shall be present and shall attest the instrument.

(4) This section applies in addition to a requirement under an enactment in respect of witnessing of an instrument creating a power of attorney including the rules relating to the execution of instruments by bodies corporate.

2. Powers of attorney given as security

(1) A power of attorney given as security for a proprietary interest of the donee or as security for an obligation owed to the donee may be expressed as irrevocable.

(2) A power of attorney given to secure a proprietary interest may be given to a person entitled to the interest and persons deriving title under that person in respect of that interest and those persons shall constitute donees of the power subject to the authorisation to appoint substitutes given by the power.

(3) Where a power of attorney is expressed to the irrevocable and is given to secure

(a) a proprietary interest of the donee of the power, or

(b) the performance of an obligation owed to the donee,then, whilst that interest or the obligation remains undischarged, the power shall not be revoked

(c) by the donor without the consent of the donee, or

(d) by the death, incapacity or bankruptcy of the donor or, if the donor is a body corporate by its winding-up or dissolution.

3. Protection of donee and third persons where power is revoked

(1) A donee of a power of attorney who acts under the power at a time when it has been revoked shall not incur a liability to a person if at that time the donee did not know that the power had been revoked.

(2) Where a power of attorney is revoked and a person, without knowledge of the revocation, deals with the donee of the power, unless the donor has reasonable grounds to believe that that person was aware at the revocation, the transaction is as valid as if the power had been in existence at the time of the transaction.

(3) Where a donee who knows that the power has been revoked acts under the power as if it exists and transacts business with a person to the detriment of the donor, the donee commits an offence and is liable on summary conviction to a fine of not less than one hundred thousand cedis and not more than one million cedis or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months.

(4) Where the power is irrevocable and is given as security, the person dealing with the donee may assume that the power cannot be revoked except by the donor with the consent of the donee unless that person is aware that the power was not given as security or that it has been revoked.

4. Execution of instrument by donee of power of attorney

The donee of a power of attorney may

(a) execute an instrument with the donor’s own signature, and

(b) do any other thing in the donor’s own name if authorised by the donor,and the document executed and thing done shall be as effective as if done by the donor of the power.

5. Power to delegate trusts by power of attorney

(1) A trustee may delegate by power of attorney for a period of not more than twelve months, the execution or exercise of any of the trusts, powers and discretions vested in the trustee as trustee alone or jointly despite a rule of law or equity.

(2) A donee of a power of attorney under this section may include a trust corporation but shall not include the other co-trustees of the donor of the power unless that co-trustee is a trust corporation.

(3) Within seven days after executing a power of attorney under this section, the donor shall give written notice to the donee specifying

(a) the date on which the power comes into operation,

(b) its duration,

(c) the donee of the power,

(d) the reason why the power is given, and

(e) the trusts, powers and discretions delegated to each person who has power to appoint a new trustee and to each of the other trustees,but failure to comply with these provisions shall not invalidate an act done or instrument executed by the donee.

(4) The donor of a power of attorney given under this section is liable for the acts or defaults of the donee as if they were the acts or defaults of the donor.

(5) The donee may exercise any of the powers conferred on the donor as trustee by an enactment or by the instrument creating the trust but not including the power of delegation conferred by this section.

(6) The fact that it appears that in dealing with stock the donee is acting on the execution of a trust shall not be considered as affecting a person in whose books the stock is registered with notice of the trust.

(7) This section shall apply to a personal representative and a person with a life interest in the property except that subsection (3) shall apply with the following modifications:

(a) notice shall be given to the other representative but not an executor who has renounced probate; and

(b) notice shall be given to each person who jointly enjoys the life interest in the property.

6. Effect of general power of attorney

Subject to the other provisions of this Act, a general power of attorney in the form set out in the Schedule shall operate to confer

(a) on the donee of the power, or

(b) if there is more than one donee, on the donees acting jointly or acting jointly and severally,authority to do on behalf of the donor anything which can be lawfully done by an attorney.

7. Repeal

Spent

Schedule

FORM OF GENERAL POWER OF ATTORNEY

[Section 6]

THIS GENERAL POWER OF ATTORNEY is ................................... day of ........................................... by.......................................................... A.B.

I appoint C.D. of .......................................... /(or C.D. of ............................

and E.F. of ...................... jointly or jointly or severally) to be my attorney(s) in accordance with section 6 of the Powers of Attorney Act, 1998 (Act 549).

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